About Lackham Farm

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Parasite

An animal which lives on another animal and which often causes health problems. Examples are roundworms in animal intestines(internal parasites) and lice on the skin(external parasites).


Parlour

The building which houses milking equipment where the cows are milked once, twice or three times per day


Parturition

Term used to describe the birth process


pasture

Grass field used for grazing animals. It may be permanent or a ley.


PD

Pregnancy diagnosis by the vet(via rectal examination) takes place about 6 weeks after service.


Peas

Pulse crop grown for human or animal consumption containing protein


Pedigree

An animal whose parents are recorded as true to the breed in a herdbook


Phosphate

A fertilizer containing phosphorus which is vital for healthy crop root and shoot growth.


Photosynthesis

The process whereby plants use sunlight to convert CO2 and H20 into sugar and O2


Plots

Small areas of crops used to test chemicals or varieties


Plough

Tractor drawn implement used to invert the soil


Ploughed

Land that has been inverted by a plough


Pneumonia

Potentially fatal, flu-like illness


Points

The wearing tips on a cultivator that cut into the soil


Potash

A fertilizer containing potassium which is needed for heathy crop growth and good yields.


Powdered milk

Milk substitute fed to calves once they have been removed from the mother


Power Harrow

Rotary implement used to break down lumps in soil after ploughing


Pre-emergence

Before the planted crop breaks through the soil surface


Pre-lambing

Period before ewes produce lambs


Precision drill

A planting machine which places seeds individually in the soil


Prolificacy

A measure of the breeding ability of farm animals eg the number of lambs born per year from a ewe.


Protein

An essential part of all animals and plants. Milk contains 3-4% protein (casein).


Pulsation

A fluctuating vaccuum applied to the teat cup liner to simulate the sucking of a calf and thus extracting milk from the cow in a natural way.


Pulse

A pea or bean crop grown for animal and human food


Pure bred

An animal of which the parents are the same breed


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